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The 5 Steps of Risk Assessment: Ensuring Workplace Safety

The 5 Steps of Risk Assessment NEBOSH: Ensuring Workplace Safety

The 5 Steps of Risk Assessment NEBOSH: Ensuring Workplace Safety

The 5 Steps of Risk Assessment Objective:

No one can deny the importance of workplace safety which cannot be achieved without proper risk analysis and therefore, we are here with the 5 steps of risk assessment NEBOSH. We all know that organizations worldwide rely on risk assessments to identify potential hazards. Thus, they take proactive measures to protect their employees and visitors promptly. Furthermore, the NEBOSH (National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health) has outlined a structured approach to risk assessment. This approach consists of five essential steps. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into these five steps, emphasizing their significance and how they contribute to a safer work environment. Whether you are pursuing a NEBOSH course qualification, such as the NEBOSH International General Certificate (NEBOSH IGC), or are simply interested in improving workplace safety, this article is your go-to resource.

Learn all about: Why is Health and Safety Training Important in the Workplace Give

Identifying Hazards: The Foundation of Risk Assessment

The first step in the NEBOSH IGC risk assessment process is identifying hazards. Furthermore, you can say anything in the workplace with the potential to cause harm is a hazard. However, these hazards can vary greatly. These hazards could be anything from exposed machinery parts to uneven flooring, and even seemingly innocuous items like office equipment. Therefore, it is of vital importance to recognize that hazards can pose risks in various ways. Moreover, this risk can be a physical injury or maybe some health issue.

Remember a risk assessor is responsible for documenting three key aspects:

  1. What the hazard is.
  2. Who the hazard could harm.
  3. How the hazard could cause harm.

Certainly, this documentation prepared by the risk assessor serves as the foundation for the subsequent steps. As a result, it enables the assessor to create a comprehensive risk assessment report. Thus, organizations can uncover potential risks.

Assessing the Risks: Measuring the Likelihood and Severity

Once you are done identifying the hazards, the next step is to assess the associated risks. What’s more, this step of risk assessment is where you evaluate two critical factors. Firstly, you estimate the likelihood that the harm will occur. Secondly, you measure the severity of that harm. Thus, these two factors help in determining the level of risk posed by a particular hazard.

Moreover, the NEBOSH approach utilizes a risk matrix, typically a 5 by 5 grid, to calculate risk levels. Each factor (likelihood and consequence) is assigned values, and the product of these values results in a numerical risk level. For example, here’s a simplified representation of the risk matrix:

  • Almost impossible (yearly+)
  • Unlikely (yearly)
  • Possible (monthly)
  • Likely (weekly)
  • Almost certain (daily)
  • Insignificant (no injury)
  • Minor (minor injuries need first aid only)
  • Significant (1-6 days absence)
  • Major (more than 7 days of absence)
  • Catastrophic (fatal)

The calculated risk level dictates the necessary action:

  • 1-2: No immediate action, but continuous monitoring.
  • 3-6: Regular monitoring with improvements as needed.
  • 8-12: Action required within a specific timeframe.
  • 15-16: Urgent action and cessation of the activity if necessary.
  • 20-25: Immediate cessation of the activity.

Understanding these risk levels is essential for prioritizing actions and addressing the most significant risks promptly.

NEBOSH 5 Steps of Implementing the Control Measures: Mitigating Risk Effectively After Assessment

Now when the risk level has been determined, the next step is to implement control measures. These measures are necessary to implement so that we can mitigate the identified risks. Also, you should know that control measures are actions or changes in processes. Not only that, but control measures also include changes in equipment, or training that reduce the risk associated with a hazard.

The control measures can be categorized into five types based on their effectiveness in reducing risk:

Removing the Hazard

One of the most efficient control measures is to eliminate the hazard. Thus, you can ensure no harm can occur.

Reducing the Hazard

If you cannot eliminate the hazard then the best control measure is to reduce the hazard’s frequency or extent of interaction with the hazard. This way you can decrease the likelihood of harm.

Preventing Contact

Some hazards can only harm in the case of direct content. Therefore, the most suitable control measures are to ensure there is no direct contact.

Creating a Safe System of Work (SSOW)

Providing guidance or training to enable workers to reduce their exposure to hazards.

Using Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

The last resort, using items like gloves, goggles, or hard hats to minimize the harm a hazard could cause.

Furthermore, you should know that it is crucial to choose the most practical control measure. Moreover, the goal of your measures must be reducing risk as effectively as possible. In some cases, hazard removal may not be feasible, and other measures must be applied.

Learn all about: What Jobs Can I Get With NEBOSH General Certificate

Monitoring and Review: Ensuring the Effectiveness of Control Measures

Indeed, implementing the control measures is only one part of the risk assessment process. The second phase of this process is to document your new control measures after they are in place. The reason is so that you can assess their effectiveness. Furthermore, it is the duty of risk assessors that they must calculate a new risk level based on the hazard with the control measure in place. Moreover, this calculated second risk level should be lower than the initial one, indicating the expected reduction in risk due to the implemented measure.

Subsequently, the risk assessor must revisit the documented risks and calculate risk levels. They will do so to determine whether the measures taken have reduced the risks as intended. Moreover, if the measures fail to make an impact, the process must be repeated. The risk assessor will devise new measures to further reduce risk.

Communicating and Documenting: Ensuring Accountability and Transparency

You cannot often implement new control measures anywhere without the involvement of multiple stakeholders, including employees, management, and external parties. Thus, all this makes communication a pivotal aspect of the risk assessment process. Furthermore, effective and proper communication always ensures that everyone is aware of the measures and understands how they impact daily operations.

Equally, it is of vital importance to document the risk assessments accurately and maintain records. This is the only way you can identify the need for additional training. Moreover, it also helps in implementing more extensive safety measures across the organization. Lastly, it serves as a reference for future risk assessments and demonstrates a commitment to health and safety.


In conclusion, mastering the 5 steps of risk assessment NEBOSH is paramount for fostering a secure work environment. Furthermore, identifying hazards, assessing risks, and implementing control measures are the cornerstones of proactive safety management. Moreover, as you embark on this journey, consider enhancing your expertise through Aspireme’s comprehensive NEBOSH course training in Dubai. Additionally, our courses not only align with international safety standards but empower you to champion workplace safety effectively. Therefore, do not wait and elevate your risk assessment skills with Aspireme, choosing knowledge and safety for a secure tomorrow.

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